Chloroquine Product Description
Chloroquine is an antimalarial drug used to prevent and treat malaria (a disease caused by parasites from the genus Plasmodium). Chloroquine is prescribed to children, adults and elderly patients for treatment and prophylaxis of malaria, as well as for treatment of extraintestinal amebiasis.
This antimalarial medication acts against erthyrocytic forms of Plasmodium malariae, Plasmodium vivax and susceptible strains of Plasmodium falciparum (other than gametocytes of P. Falciparum).
In order to prevent malaria, the treatment with Chloroquine is recommended to be started two weeks before an anticipated contact with the source of infection. In this case, adult patients should take one 500 mg tablet of Chloroquine weekly on the same day of the week.
Upon the patient’s leaving from the endemic area, malaria prophylaxis is recommended to be conducted for additional 8 weeks. Treatment of acute attacks of malaria requires special dosage regimen of Chloroquine. The maximum dose of Chloroquine may make 1500mg per day.
If you’ve missed one dose of Chloroquine, do not worry, and take the antimalarial drug as soon as you remember. Do not take a double dose of Chloroquine and do not take the missed dose if it is the approaching time for your next dose of the antimalarial drug.
Chloroquine is not effective against exoerythrocytic forms of the parasite from the genus Plasmodium, so the drug does not prevent malaria relapses in the patients with a history of vivax malaria.
The children dose of Chloroquine is usually calculated taking into account the child's body weight. The recommended dose of Chloroquine in the suppressive therapy of malaria is from 5 to 10 mg per kg of body weight.
Antimalarial drug Chloroquine should be stored in the original package, in a dry place, at room temperature up to 25ºC.
Chloroquine Safety Information
Some patients may observe acute extrapyramidal disorders manifested as involuntary contractions of different muscles during application of Chloroquine. In some cases, the patient can be recommended with symptomatic treatment of these movement disorders. However, it should be noted that they normally pass after withdrawal of Chloroquine tablets.
The information materials about antimalarial and amebicidal drug Chloroquine are intended solely for the general information, and should not be used for treatment purposes without discussion with the infectious disease specialist. The online pharmacy shall disclaim all liability in respect to any taken or not taken action associated with the use of or inability to use information on antimalarial therapy and Chloroquine.
Chloroquine Side Effects
Adverse reactions of Chloroquine are usually mild and disappear by reducing the dosage. Most often, the patients taking Chloroquine are reported to complain of visual disturbances (including blurring of vision and difficulty of focusing or accommodation), headache, convulsive seizures, nausea, abdominal cramps, vomiting, diarrhoea, delirium, anxiety, agitation or skin eruptions. In rare cases, Chloroquine may cause night blindness, tinnitus, changes in liver function (including hepatitis and abnormal liver function tests), low blood pressure, anxiety, personality changes or abnormal nerve conduction.